In the early 1900s Mark Rothko is forced to abandon his native Russia with his family to flee the pogroms and conscription in the imperial army. The United States become his new home. His story is a paradigm of an existential condition faced by numerous 20th century artists. What would 20th-century culture have been without Rothko? And what if, among the refugees now arriving in Europe, there is the Rothko of the 21st century?